Vatican: Cardinal Policarpo accused Masonic lodges of dictating government agencies
Archbishop of Lisbon, Cardinal Jose da Cruz Policarpo, in an interview with the monthly "Ordem advogados dos" on the Freemasons. This time with his views, also agrees, "the Vatican". that the "Freemasons", "have a direct impact on policy."
Jan 16, 2012
By Amagda, Contributor
From the viewpoint of the Magisterium of the Church, the Magisterium of the Catholic Church, the key date as far as Freemasonry is concerned it was November 26, 1983. On that day the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith published a statement in Masonic societies.
From the beginning, the Church's negative stance towards Freemasonry was motivated by many practical and doctrinal reasons. Church is not just found guilty of subversion Freemasons against the Church, but from the first papal document written on the subject, especially Enciclica "Genus humanum" by Leone XIII (20 April 1884), also Magisterium accused Freemasons have philosophical and moral ideas in conflict with Catholic doctrine.
Leo XIII believed that this idea comes from the Masonic naturalistic rationalism which inspired plot and action against the Church. In a letter to the Italian vote "custodia" (Guards) (8 December 1892) Pope Leo XIII wrote: "Let us remember that Christianity and Freemasonry are not compatible, to join one to give up others." "Anathema" Joseph Ratzinger, the guardian of religious orthodoxy, ruling against Freemasonry is not surprising.
But the Church could not avoid it, taking into account the views of Masons "in relation to religious doctrine, because in the years 1970 and 1980. Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith was suitable for various national conferences of bishops who have special attention to the problem, because of the dialogue, which started from some important figures of the Catholic and representatives of several Masonic lodges, who pledged not to oppose the Church, but in fact her.
In 1983, it is time to reduce the claim. Depth case led the former Holy Office even more resolved in their belief that there is a basic contradiction between the principles of Freemasonry and those of the Christian faith.
Apart from the actual attitudes of the various lodges, even hostile to the Church, the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith with its declaration of 26 November 1983 for dealing with a deeper and ultimately an important part of the problem, the clash of principles in the field of faith and ethics. From this point of view of theoretical and doctrinal, which takes place in accordance with the traditional position of the Church (from the accusatory documents written by Leo XIII) due to obvious practical consequences for all Catholics who joined the Free Masons.
But there were many objections to an immediate statement on the Vatican's alleged non-compliance with the rules. Firstly, the brotherhood of Freemasons, it is important not to impose any "rules" that can bind its members, whether religious or philosophical beliefs. On the other hand, the objective is to gather people of good will on the basis of humanistic values ??that can be understood and accepted by all, beyond the boundaries of religion and personal view of the world people.
According to this objection actually Freemasonry are part of the consistency for all those who believe in God, the architect of the universe and who may feel bound by moral principles, such as the Decalogue.
Freemasonry, therefore, will not drive a wedge between the individual and their religion, it actually bring them together. This allegation bears many historical and philosophical implications and the Holy See said the Second Vatican Council, which was a glaring proof that the Catholic Church promotes cooperation between people of good will.
However, in order to become a Freemason goes beyond what can be described as a legitimate collaboration, brings a deeper and more important meaning. Community "Freemasons" the ethical requirements of a progressive system difficult symbols. A strong sense of secret, which dominates in the community gives even more importance to the relationship between symbols and ideas.
Moreover, this atmosphere of secrecy may expose members of the fraternity at risk of becoming instruments of land he wants them unknown. Angelo Orsi, a historian at the University of Turin, gave a revealing picture of the "problem Masonic" and the controversial relationship between the Masonic compass and uniform in an article published in Il Fatto Quotidiano on 28 August 2011.
He began with an attack on the bishops Director Avvenire newspaper, which accused the Freemasons sounds like a "broken record" in their media campaign supposedly against the Church. But what "record" mean? Antonio Gramsci spoke only once in the Italian House of Commons on May 16, 1925 against Rocco-Mussolini Act prohibited "secret societies". the bill was supposed to be against Freemasonry, Gramsci understood that this is only an instrument to prohibit all organizations working class noted in his speech, which was brutally interrupted several times by the Duce, and some of his supporters.
Freemasonry acts as a flagship to carry a small reactionary anti-proletarian goods - said Gramsci, an orator with a quiet noise, but very strong enthusiasm. He added: "Fascism will easily come to an agreement with the Masons." And indeed it did. Although officially Masonic lodges have been solved, Italian Freemasonry never died.
After all, some of whose representatives gave substantial funding to Mussolini and his political movement to facilitate his rise to power. "It is clear," says Professor Orsi, "that two different currents can be detected, one for and one against fascism (and pro democracy). Already in the past it was not clear divisions of a split that had never healed, which took place in 1908 years (on the hot topic of secular education system status). "
"Even within the Church of Rome, who is openly hostile to Freemasonry (and formally attacked by a second more in words than in actions), were and still are contradictory trends," said the expert, "On the one hand, it is the Church" the People of God ", the Church of the lowly and poor, on the other hand, is located next to the church hierarchy, which is connected to political power and has a real influence and authority over all aspects of social life.
This second church, which was met by which in turn supports the fascist regime, it has never been opposed to this part of Freemasonry, which was near the centers of power. "If you looked in Catholic publications that find heavy accusations against the" brothers of the apron of square and compass "(Freemasons), but the same can be said about the opposite, if we take a look at the Masonic publications and websites.
This exchange between the Church and the Masons mostly role-playing game, where the seemingly informal competences in society struggle for leadership, often coming to the "underground" compromise, if not even a formal contract.
But when Freemasonry softened its line on the church, the latter, who recently withdrew the excommunication of Catholic Masons, however, still wielding its power in relation to Freemasonry, especially in certain situations. The Church is to bend, if not crush Freemasonry, which is seen more as a competitor than a dissenter.
In 1983, another statement (signed by Joseph Ratzinger, who was then still the prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith and the future Pope Benedict XVI) confirmed the incompatibility of Masonic principles and the Catholic and said that all Catholics who were members of Masonic societies could not proceed to Holy Communion.
This resistance was motivated not only the mystery surrounding the Masonic organization, but also by the values ??of secular rationalism and "relativism" Masonic principles and by the constant participation of "brothers" in the actions against the Church and legitimate civil rights.
Currently in Italy, an official of the Church that the Vatican and the CEI (Italian Episcopal Conference) is strong support for the political forces. "In the face of public disapproval, tired of tax benefits that politicians have given the Church (" black legend "according to daily newspaper bishops)," explains Angelo Orsi "for the Church to even mention the secret power of the Freemasons is grotesque to say the least. Using words Avvenire that it "is shocking."